History of Guinea-Bissau

The people of Guinea-Bissau were the first hunters who later became rice farmers as the Mali Empire expanded Guinea-Bissau became a source of slaves and was incorporated into that empire as the kingdom of Kabul a militant state run by the Mandinka people that lasted several centuries gaining independence in 1537.

Meanwhile, the Portuguese were prying about the coast and soon set up ports and trading posts the current capital Bissau was built by the Portuguese in 1687 as one of these settlements slaves were purchased from local rulers and shipped off to colonies in the new world.

The 19th century saw this grievous enterprise deteriorate at the 20th century saw Portugal expand its rule to the interior often most callously and though this picture of Portuguese Bissau looks peaceable enough the colony itself was not doing very.

In 1956 a political party was founded to gain independence by a left-wing nationalist agricultural engineer poet revolutionary called Amílcar Cabral who led the armed resistance against Portugal in the ensuing war of independence a clever and resourceful leader we don’t know how his country may have turned out had he lived longer but as it stands he was assassinated by rival party members in 1973.

Here we see soldiers of the new nation raising the new flag but there remained the old problem of poverty and it wasn’t until 1994 that multi-party elections were held then there was a civil war between the government and rebels aiming to oust the president João Bernardo Vieira who later became president again but ended up shot dead by soldiers in 2009.

As the years passed political pandemonium persisted the country today faces serious obstacles to betterment with a low level of human development and pervasive impoverishment and we can only hope big and brighter changes await this country in the days ahead.